In the distant past, the only method of treating the plague was cauterization and processing of slot, their removal. In an attempt to get rid of the infection, people used only symptomatic methods, but to no avail. After identifying the pathogen and creating antibacterial drugs, not only the number of patients decreased, but also complications.
Is a virus or bacterium the causative agent of the disease? This disease is caused by a microorganism called Yersonina pestis. This bacterium remains viable for a long period of time. It exhibits heat resistance. To environmental factors (oxygen, sunlight, changes in acidity), the plague bacterium is quite sensitive.
The various forms of plague - bubonic, skin, and skin-bubonic must be distinguished from diseases such as tularemia, lymphadenopathy, and from carbuncles. And the septic and pulmonary forms can have symptoms resembling lung disease, sepsis, and meningococcal etiology.
On examination, slurred speech, an unsteady gait are revealed, the face becomes puffy, an expression of suffering and horror appears on it, the tongue is white. Develops cardiovascular insufficiency, oliguria, tachypnea.
This type of diagnosis is based on the use of biological and microbiological, immunoserological and genetic methods. The hemogram shows leukocytosis and neutrophilia with a shift to the left, as well as an increase in ESR. The causative agent is isolated in sensitive specialized laboratories designed specifically to work with pathogens of the most dangerous infections.
Research is underway to confirm clinically apparent cases of plague, and examine people who are in the focus of infection, and their body temperature is above normal.